0 Patent citations 27 Scholarly citations Reference Count: 23
Jian Wang;Yaping Ye;Hongtao Tian;Shuhua Yang;Xin Jin;Wei Tong;Yukun Zhang
Abstract Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been successfully applied in treating bone defects both in animals and humans and promoted osteogenesis in vivo significantly. However, the mechanism of in vivo osteogenesis of ASCs was still little known, we hypothesized that this was mediated in part by interaction between implanted ASCs and local vein endothelial cells. In this study, human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were isolated and characterized. Cells were then either cultured alone or cocultured. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, quantitative measurement of ALP activity and Alizarin staining of hASCs cultured alone, HUVEC cultured alone and cells cocultured demonstrated that osteogenic differentiation of cocultured cells increased obviously. Osteocalcin (OC) expression of hASCs cocultured with HUVEC showed an obvious raise than hASCs cultured alone. HUVEC cultured alone showed BMP-2 secretion and increased with culturing time. Real-time PCR of the cocultured cells showed four osteogenic differentiation related genes raised with culturing time, while two adipogenic differentiation related genes showed a slightly decrease with culturing time. Results of our study with different culture models showed that in vitro osteogenesis of hASCs was enhanced by coculture with HUVEC which secreted BMP-2. This study not only provided us with an in vitro model of studying interaction between cells, but also helped us to understand the in vivo therapeutic mechanisms of ASCs.
Huazhong University of Science and Technology;Department of Orthopedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.Huazhong University of Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and Technology