0 Patent citations 4 Scholarly citations Reference Count: 37
Stanislav Filip;Jaroslav Mokry;J Karbanova;J Vavrova;J Vokurkova;M Blaha;Denis English
Abstract A number of surprising observations have shown that stem cells, in suitable conditions, have the ability to produce a whole spectrum of cell types, regardless, whether these tissues are derived from the same germ layer or not. This phenomenon is called stem cell plasticity, which means that tissue-specific stem cells are mutually interchangeable. In our experiments, as a model, we used neural stem cells (NSCs) harvested from fetal (E14–15) neocortex and β-galactosidase positive. In the first experiment we found that on days 12 and 30 after sub-lethal irradiation (LD 8.5 Gy) and (β-galactosidase + ) NSCs transplantation all mice survived, just as the group with bone marrow transplantation. Moreover, the bone marrow of mice transplanted NSCs contained the number of CFU-GM colonies with β-galactosidase + cells which was as much as 50% higher. These differences were statistically significant, p + ) NSCs after their transplantation to sub-lethally irradiated mice. Histochemistry of tissues was performed on days 12 and 30 post-transplantation, and β-galactosidase + cells were detected with the help of histochemical examination of removed tissues (lung, liver, spleen, thymus, and skeletal muscle). In tissues removed on day 12 post-transplantation, we found a significantly higher number of β-galactosidase + cells in the spleen and thymus on day 30. While we presumed the presence β-galactosidase + cells in the spleen, as spleen and reticuloendothelial system represent an important retaining system for different cell types, the presence of β-galactosidase + cells in the thymus was rather surprising but very interesting. This indicates a certain mutual and close interconnection of transplanted stem cells and immune system in an adult organism. In the third experiment, we verified the mutual interchange of Sca-1 surface antigen in the bone marrow cells and NSCs before transplantation. Analysis of this antigen showed 24.8% Sca-1 positive cells among the bone marrow cells, while NSCs were Sca-1 negative. Our experiments show that NSCs share hemopoietic identity and may significantly influence the recovery of damaged hematopoiesis but do not have typical superficial markers as HSCs. This result is important for the determination of predictive factors for hemopoiesis recovery, for stem cell plasticity and for their use in the cell therapy.
Charles University in Prague;Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Charles University Hospital, 50005 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. firstname.lastname@example.orgCharles University in PragueCharles University in PragueMilitary Medical AcademyCharles University in PragueCharles University in PragueHouston Methodist Hospital